It is the most revered Buddha image in Mandalay. It is also known as the Maha Myat Muni, or Phaya Gyi. It is the most ancient Buddha image in Myanmar. It was cast in the life-span of Lord Buddha in the seated posture of relaxed deportment, namely Bumi Phasa Mudras, symbolic of His Conquest of Mara. One of the most venerated golden-seated Buddha Image of Myanmar, revered as the holiest pagoda in Mandalay.

With imagination it is possible to see the huge sculpture growing everyday as prigrims fix large quantities of gold leaf to the sculpture.The massive Buddha sculpture was cast in northern Arakan during the reign of King Sanda Thuriya in approximately AD150.King Anawrahta of Bagan conquered Arakan in the 11th Century but the attempt to carry the sculpture to Bagan failed. Finally King Bodawpaya succeeded in transporting the Mahamuni Image together with the Arakan King, arms, Elephants and approx 20,000-captured Arakan soldiers, as booty back to upper Burma.Included in the spoils were six Khmer Bronze figures originally from Angkor Wat,Cambodia. These sculptures were taken to Ayuthia by the Thai after conquering the Khmer capital, in approximately 1350. The Mon King sacked Ayuthia in 1568 and brought them to Bago. In 1599 the Arakan King Yazargyi conquered Bago and moved the figures to his capital,Mrauk-U.Their survival against all odds gave the two guardians magical power, in the minds of some devotees. They say that all disease can be cured if one rubs the corresponding area on the bronze figures. The stomach area gleams the most and suggests where the most problems are. The Mahamuni Image in sitting posture is 12feet and 7inches (3.8 metres) high.It was brought to Mandalay from Rakhine State during the reign of King Bodawpaya in1748. The early morning ritual of washing the Face of the Buddha Image draws a large crowd of devotee everyday.And the image is also considered as the greatest, next to Shwedagon Pagoda, in Myanmar. A visit to Mandalay would be incomplete without a visit to Mahamuni Buddha Image. The Buddha Images, representing various countries where Buddhism prospers well, and the Buddha Images revered through successive eras are exhibited in the forms of photographs, paintings and sculptures. Not only Buddhists but also foreigners studying Buddhism pay a visit to this museum. On the left side of the eastern passage, in the precinct of the pagoda, is the Sanctuary Pond of Tortoises and on the right side, the Sanctuary Pond of Fish.